A full-term pregnancy, we all know, lasts for about 9 months, ranging from 37 to 42 weeks but you must be wondering what trimesters in pregnancy are.
Based on the fetus's developmental milestones, your pregnancy can be divided into 3 individual stages, usually known as trimesters of pregnancy - first, second and third. The fetus undergoes many developmental milestones during these trimesters of pregnancy, some of which we will be talking about here.
Pregnancy anxiety often arises from the unknown. The more you know about the hormonal and biological changes your body will be going through during pregnancy, the better prepared you will be emotionally to face the challenges ahead. You can maintain a pregnancy trimester chart to keep track of the progression of your pregnancy.
The first trimester of pregnancy is from week 1 to week 12. Many women consider the last day of their menstrual cycle to be the beginning of their pregnancy. While a missed period can be the first tell-tale sign of pregnancy, you’ll have to take a test to be sure. You can either do a home pregnancy test or your doctor can confirm it for you.
THE FIRST TRIMESTER: FOR THE FETUS
Now that you’re pregnant, congratulations! You’re heading into a period of rapid physiological changes and you’ll spend the coming months wondering what your baby looks like and how it is developing.
The fallopian tube is where the sperm and egg unite during conception to form your baby’s first cell, the zygote. This zygote will then travel down to your uterus and implant itself there to form a growing embryo. That’s when you become pregnant.
The inner cluster of rapidly multiplying cells will become the embryo, and the outer layer will become the placenta - to nourish your fetus throughout the pregnancy.
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THE FIRST TRIMESTER: FOR THE MOTHER
The first trimester of your pregnancy will be a crucial time the risk of a miscarriage is highest at this time. All of your baby’s vital organs will have developed by the end of the third month of your pregnancy. Even though you might not look pregnant, your body is undergoing significant changes during this time. That is why maintaining a healthy diet is extremely important.
You might feel many pregnancy symptoms like fatigue, morning sickness, headache, etc during this period. You should avoid tobacco and alcohol completely and add a healthy dose of folic acid to your diet.
Many women take prenatal vitamins while planning their pregnancy. This is a very smart thing to do and will be of great help during this period.
THE SECOND TRIMESTER: FOR THE FETUS
The second trimester of pregnancy is from week 13 to week 28. This is the time when the fetus begins to look and feel very real. It is developing and changing almost daily. Your baby’s bones begin to develop and the neck becomes more defined.
At the beginning of this trimester, the baby’s head is the most prominent feature. As the week progress, the rest of the body will catch up as well. Their digestive system will develop and they will begin to produce urine. An ultrasound image will reveal to you the shape of your baby.
THE SECOND TRIMESTER: FOR THE MOTHER
During this time, you’ll begin to gain a lot of weight and look more pregnant as the baby bump will begin to show. The morning sickness, headache, and discomfort you dealt with in the first trimester will begin to fade away. This period will turn out to be the most pleasant phase of your pregnancy.
By the end of the second trimester, you will be able to feel your baby flex its tiny muscles! Your appetite will increase considerably, you’ll probably have Some swelling in your hands and feet, and ankles, and even stretch marks around your belly and buttocks.
THE THIRD TRIMESTER: FOR THE FETUS
The third trimester of pregnancy is from week 29 to week 40. This is the last lap of your pregnancy run. Fetal development continues during this last trimester of pregnancy and the baby gains weight rapidly. By the time of delivery, your baby will most probably weigh between 2.7 and 4 kg.
Your baby begins to turn itself upside down and stays in this position for about 2 weeks before the delivery. Your baby gains muscle tone and body fat. Its brain, lungs, and kidneys continue to develop and mature. Your baby is developing in other important ways as well. During this time it begins to smile, hear sounds, suckle on its thumb, and open its eyes.
THE THIRD TRIMESTER: FOR THE MOTHER
During the third trimester, you should be preparing yourself to give birth. All travel plans must be put to rest and you must stay constantly in touch with your doctor in case you go into early labor. New problems might begin to pop up at this stage. You might face Braxton-Hicks contractions, leakage of breast milk for which you might be needing dry feel nursing pads, shortness of breath, and frequent urination during this period. These problems arise because your fully grown baby begins to press down on your organs. These problems will go away once you’ve given birth to your baby. You can also enroll yourself in pre-birth classes at this point.
ESTIMATED DUE DATE
The estimated due date is the estimated time when the onset of labor is expected. Read Here ..to learn how you can calculate your due date. This is only a rough estimate based on the last day of your menstrual cycle or ultrasound results. Your baby can arrive on or before this date.
A delay in delivery can result in stress and anxiety and will harm your baby’s health. Therefore, it is necessary to keep in touch with your doctor. You can also try these exercises. to help induce labor. Keep yourself equipped with all baby care essentials like swaddle, mustard seed pillows, cloth diapers, etc.
Understanding Pregnancy Trimesters
Understanding pregnancy and anticipating the changes it brings will assist you in making the best decisions when you begin your motherhood journey. The more you know, the better prepared you will be for what you might need as a mother. Such as a new mother, needs to be very conscious of what she puts on her baby, so one such concern will be which diapers to choose.
While disposable diapers are harmful to both the environment and your child, cloth diapers are a more sustainable option that provides your newborn with 100% natural and safe comfort. All of these things will come up once you become a mother. But until then while you’re at it, enjoy your pregnancy!
1. Be Mindful: Don't consider the last day of the menstrual cycle to be the beginning of pregnancy, do a home pregnancy test or consult with the doctor.
2. Ensure Safety: In the first Trimester, a healthy diet is important, and one needs to avoid tobacco and alcohol.
3. Things to Remember: In the third trimester, new problems might begin, so it is important to stay constantly in touch with the doctor.
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